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Nanda Dynasty – Dynasty before Maurya

Nanda Dynasty – Dynasty before Maurya

Nanda dynasty was the ruling dynasty of Magadha and successor of Shishunaga dynasty, founder of the dynasty was Mahapadma Nanda. Nanda dynasty immediately followed by the Maurya dynasty. According to the Puranas, Nandas were from the low social origin, Mahapadma nanda was the son of Mahanandin(last ruler of the Shishunaga dyasty) and a shudra mother.

In the Puranas he known as “The destroyer of all the Kshatriyas” because he vanquished old dynasties of North. Mahapadmananda defeated Panchalas, Kasis, Haihayas, Kalingas, Asmakas, Kurus, Maithilas, Surasenas and the Vitihotras. He expanded his territory south of the Vindhya Range into the Deccan Plateau. This ruler claimed to be ekarat, the sole sovereign who had destroyed all the other ruling princes. It seems that he captured not only Kalinga but also Koshala which had probably rebelled against him. Mahapadma Nanada ruled for 10 years and died at the age of 88. He was succeeded by his nine sons who ruled successively.

King Bimbisara

King Bimbisara

Bimbisara was the king of Haryanka dynasty, He was the first king of Magadha who begun the policy of conquest and aggression which ended with the Kalinga war of Ashoka. His father Bhatiya founded the Haryanka dynasty but the actual establishment of kingdom was done under Bimbisara so he was considered as actual founder of dynasty.

According to the Buddhist text Mahavamsa, he ascended throne at the age of fifteen and ruled for 52 years(roughly from 544 BCE to 492 BCE).

The Great Magadha Empire From Vedic period to Modern time

The Great Magadha Empire From Vedic period to Modern time

Magadha had played very important role in Indian History, For many centuries it was the center of many large kingdoms, empires and culture heritage. It is the birthplace of Jainism and Buddhism. Magadha was located in north-eastern India, which is now west-central Bihar state.

Magadha’s root were found from the Atharvaveda, but at that time it was not the place liked by Aryans.
Magadha was mentioned in Ramayana as a place inhabited by opulent(Samruddhajanasevith – rich peoples). It was very fertile place richly filled with corns.