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List of edicts of Ashoka

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List of edicts of Ashoka

The edicts of Ashoka are the first physical evidence of the Buddhism and how it was spread during his region. These edicts were deciphered by the British archaeologist and historian James Prinsep.

The edicts are divided into:

  1. Pillar Edicts (total 7)
  2. Major Rock Edicts(total 14) and 2 separate ones found in Odisha(Kalinga)
  3. Minor Rock Edicts, the queen’s Edict, Barabar Caves inscriptions and the Kandahar bilingual inscription

Ashokan Pillar Edicts and their Messages

Below are the translation of original Ashokan Pillar edicts.

Pillar Edict – I

Beloved-of-the-Gods speaks thus: This Dhamma edict was written twenty-six years after my coronation. Happiness in this world and the next is difficult to obtain without much love for the Dhamma, much self-examination, much respect, much fear (of evil), and much enthusiasm. But through my instruction this regard for Dhamma and love of Dhamma has grown day by day, and will continue to grow. And my officers of high, low and middle rank are practicing and conforming to Dhamma, and are capable of inspiring others to do the same. Mahamatras in border areas are doing the same. And these are my instructions: to protect with Dhamma, to make happiness through Dhamma and to guard with Dhamma.